Research & Literature
On this page you will find links to documents that provide research abstracts that support and highlight the principles identified as core aspects of the Ayres SI approach. These categories were derived from the Ayres’ SI® Fidelity measure (Please see for more information about the fidelity measure).
The abstracts that are included each year are compiled by volunteers who search multiple databases with a long list of search terms to find the most current research supportive of ASI principles. There are different volunteers each year.* There may not be abstracts in each section in every year. The abstracts provided are by no means exhaustive and any missing abstracts are unintentional. If a viewer knows of a paper that should be included but is not, please email the abstract to firstname.lastname@example.org. SIGN is not legally allowed to post articles in full text and readers are suggested to obtain the articles for themselves to read in entirety if the topic is of interest.
Please note that readers must be responsible for reviewing the full articles to determine the rigor of the research methods within these studies. The inclusion of the abstract here in these documents does not indicate the explicit approval of SIGN regarding the study and these abstracts are included merely to provide an overview of the current published research available for those who are interested to pursue obtaining these papers.
Please click on the link in bold below to view abstracts of research that are supportive of the principle described.
This section includes articles from the literature on specific sensory processing, and outcomes of enriched environments (both human and animal literature are included).
This section will include literature from the field of motor learning, regarding feedback from performance and literature from the field of psychology/learning regarding successful performance and engagement. We will also include relevant literature on self esteem.
This section will include summaries of articles on the impact of choice making from the field of psychology and from the behavioral literature.
This inclusion in not meant to imply that specific behavioral strategies are related to Ayres’ Sensory Integration Approach. However, research on choice and choice making often is found within the behavioral literature.
This section will include research on praxis, sequencing, timing, specifically.
This section will include summaries of articles on arousal and the neurobiology of arousal…suggesting that optimal arousal level is important for learning to occur.
This section will include articles from literature on play and the importance of play (both to learning and for its own sake).
This section will include research on postural control, bilateral-motor control, and ocular-motor control.
This section will include literature on factors related to exploration in children and risk taking in children.
This section will provide abstracts related to research on proper scaffolding, “zone of proximal development” and related ideas. Papers on fostering motivation using appropriate challenge level will also be included here.
This section includes abstracts from literature about adult/ child interaction and therapeutic use of self.
___________________________________Other Abstracts of Interest
This section will include abstracts from the literature of studies that are specifically examining Ayres SI (and are using the fidelity measure).
PLEASE NOTE: You must review the entire article to determine the rigor of the methods chosen in these studies and whether or not the authors examined fidelity of intervention for ASI, or evaluated the subjects to ensure proper provision of intervention based on child difficulties and ASI theory.
This section will include summaries from the literature on motor interventions, the impact of exercise, and other sensory / motor interventions that would not be considered Ayres’ SI intervention because they do not meet the principles as outlined in this website.
This section will include abstracts from the literature documenting that sensory problems occur frequently in children with a variety of different conditions and diagnoses.
This section will include summaries of articles from the psychology literature on temperament, shyness, behavioral inhibition and what they term sensory processing sensitivity. Also will be included certain relevant abstracts regarding long term effects of childhood trauma if related to sensory processing in some way.
This section will include abstracts from the neuroscience literature hat help therapists to understand the difficulties children have behaviorally, through an understanding of what is happening neurologically
This section will include papers about specific assessment tools, methods of measurement of specific sensory functions, or papers about typical development of sensory related skills.
For more research, go to the website below:
*Volunteers who have contributed to this page throughout the years SIGN has been in existence through searches, editing, or organizing this information.
Heather Miller Kuhaneck
María del Pilar Saa
New volunteers are always welcome. Contact Heather Miller Kuhaneck if you are interested. Please place SIGN research volunteer in the subject line: